Coringa Wildlife sanctuary
Known as the second largest mangrove in the country after Sundarbans in West Bengal, the Coringa mangrove is famous for its flora and fauna. The Coringa Wild Life Sanctuary, named after a tiny village called Coringa, is situated in the East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh. The region covers an area of 235 square kilometers. It was declared a sanctuary in the year 1978 as it was the home of different
and rare species of Mangroves and rare species of birds and animals.
Situated at a distance of 20 kilometers from Kakinada and 70 kilometers from Rajahmundry, the Coringa Wild Life Sanctuary is formed in the delta and estuary region of the River Godavari.
The government declared the region a sanctuary to conserve the natural mangrove vegetation that grows in the region. Mangroves are salt tolerant forest ecosystems of tropical and sub – tropical intertidal regions of the world.
The Coringa Wild Life Sanctuary is rich in flora and fauna. The mangrove plants have been categorized into thirty-five species that belong to a group of 24 families. The mangrove plants have adapted themselves to the environment in which it grows.
The sanctuary also has a heavy growth of shrubs and herbs. Numerous species of salt tolerant plant species constitutes its flora, which include tropical and subtropical floral species such as Rhizophora, Avincinia, Sonneratia Aegiceros, and others. They normally occur between high water level and near about mean sea level along the sheltered shores, estuaries, tidal creeks, back-waters, lagoons, marshes and mud-flats. Wherever conditions favour, the Mangroves may form extensive and productive forests in the sheltered coastal lines.
The mangroves contain a highly specialised community of plants associated with animal species which are not capable of surviving in any other situations.
Papikonda National Park
Papikonda National Park is a beautiful place, located in East Godavari and West Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh and Khammam district of Telangana.
Papikonda Wildlife Sanctuary was established in the year 1978. Total area of the Sanctuary is about 591 km2. Papikonda Wildlife Sanctuary declared as a National Park in 2008. Total area of the National Park is about 1012.86 km2.
The park lies on the left and right banks of the river Godavari and cuts through the Papikonda hill range of Eastern Ghats. The River Godavari enriches the Papikonda Park with its natural beauty.
Papikonda National Park is one of the main tourist destinations of the state of Andhra Pradesh. The park is the best place to observe nature in her pious form. The park gives the wildlife to regenerate and develop.
Papikonda Wildlife Sanctuary is not only the homeland of the animals but a wide variety of plants and shrubs grow and that make the vegetation of the place rich and vibrant. The birds found in the region are both resident and migratory.
The mythological significance attached to the Park is that it was the kingdom of the apes, during the epic time of holy Ramayana. The erstwhile name of the area was Kishkinda, whose residents had helped Lord Rama to bring back Sita from Lanka.
The topography of Papikonda supports dense forested hills, deep gorges, valleys, flowing streams and ponds, where the avifaunal life can be sighted.
The sight of mighty Godavari meandering through densely Forested hills with deep gorges & valleys provides an unforgettable experience
The vicinity of the Park extends to the Rekapalle hills in Khammam district. The floral variety of the Park is mainly Eastern Ghats vegetation. The area consists of dry deciduous tropical forests. A variety of plants and shrubs grow in the Park, adding color to the environment.
Multifarious and varied streams exhaling from the top of the hill makes the forest of Papikonda a fertile vegetative land. All these constitute to make the area into a typical ecological, facinal and geomorphological zone.
The Park lies in the River Godavari basin. The forests of the Park cut through the Papikonda hill range. The nearby cities to the Park are Khammam, Suryapet and Warangal.
Many unique species of flora and fauna is found in the park.
Latifolia, Albizzia Amara, Albizzia Lebbeck, Tectona Grandis, Terminalias, Tomentosa, Lagerstroemia Lanceolata, Bambusa Arundinacea, Dendrocalamus Strictus, Albizzia Amara, Pterocarpus etc.
Tiger, Hyena, Four horned antelope, Spotted deer, Muggers, Sloth bear, Jackals, Panthers, Gharial, Gaur, Sambar, lack Buck, Mouse Deer, Barking Deer, Sloth Bear, Wild Dog, Marsh Crocodile, Sloth Bear, Muggers etc.
Best time to visit
The best time to visit the Park is in the months of October to May.
Maha Pushkara vanam, Rajamahendravaram
Godavari Maha Pushkara Vanam spread 250-acres in Deween Cheruvu west RF near Autonagar of Rajahmundry.
Godavari Maha Pushkara Vanam is attracting many people with its its lush green lawns, picturesque places, walking tracks etc.
It is located in the vicinity of Rajamahendravaramcity, accessible to the city dwellers adjacent to national highway 16.
The vanam was designed suitably to provide wholesome natural environment for recreation and education. The vanam inaugurated in connection with Godavari Maha Pushkaram-2015, as a landmark of the celestial fete as part of Nagara vanam concept of forest department.
The visitors can enjoy cycle ride as the management also provided cycles to the visitors by charging an amount of Rs 50, to go round the vanam and forest area boasting with natural beauty.
Meanwhile, a walk on the 5kms length of walking track in the natural forest area is another thrill in the vanam.
Many vanams were designed linked with astrology and the vanams are-Nakshatra Vanam, Raasi Vanam, Karthika Vanam, Navagraha Vanam and Panchavati Vanam etc that depict vedic and astrological significance of plants and earth.
Other facilities such as—yoga kendra, wilderness garden, childrens park, nature interpretation centre, marine museum, iinterpretative signage, cycling, sererne walk, medicinal garden and arboretum etc are also available in the vanam.
Damerla Rama Rao Art gallery, Rajamahendravanam
These are Damerla Rama Rao Art Gallery Rajahmundry Picture Post Cards in my collection.
Sri Damerla Rama Rao(1897 – 1925) who is also lived on the same period of famous Indian painter Raja Ravi Varma.
Like Raja Ravi Varma, Sri Damerla Rama Rao(1897-1925) is also one of the extraordinary indian painter of vintage era of Pre Independence Period. He lived in Rajahmundry.
In Rajahmundry of East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh State there is a beautiful gallery with his name. These images depicted below give some example of fine and extraordinary art work of Sri Damerla Rama Rao. These images are only few pieces for depicting his art.
But if any one have a chance to visit Rajahmundry then please definitely go to this Damerla Rama Rao Art Gallery for viewing his entire master pieces of Art in the gallery.
Rallbandi Subbarao Museum, Rajamahendravaram
The Rallabandi Subbarao Government Museum is famous for it’s cultural storage. Unravel the mysteries of the past through the interesting range of artifacts like coins, sculpture, pottery, inscriptions and palm leaf manuscripts. This Museum is a tribute in itself strengthening the cultural field of Andhra Pradesh once more. Updating…,
Cotton Museum, Rajamahendravaram
Sir Arthur Cotton Museum was constructed in the memory of Sir Arthur Cotton. Sir Arthur Cotton was a British engineer who constructed many of the earliest waterworks across the river Godavari.
Sir Arthur Cotton is credited with the constructing of the Dowleswaram Barrage. He has pioneered several architectural practises in India, especially the use of the anicut system in irrigation engineering.
He is known as the “Delta Architect” who tamed the feared entity that the river Godavari was turning into, to a calm water resource. He is the reason why many places in Andhra Pradesh continue to be well irrigated today.
Sir Arthur Cotton Museum is the only museum for Civil engineering in the state. The Museum houses several rare photographs of Sir Arthur Cotton and of the construction of the dam. The tools used to construct the dam are still preserved here.
Buddhist Mahastupa , Adurru – An Ancient Unkown Village
Adurru, name of a village I never heard before. We had been to several unknown places with very little information and almost all of them were pleasant surprises. Adurru was definitely one of them.
About the place –
Adurru (or locally DubarajuGudi) is a 2400 year old Buddhist site in Razole taluk of East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh close to the banks of river Vainetaya, a tributary of river Godavari river very close to the Bay of Bengal.
This site was excavated by Archaeological Survey of India in 1923. The operation unearthed several stupas, chaityas and viharas. The Mahastupa, built on wheel shaped plan 17 feet in diameter with a raised platform running all around the drum and Ayaka platforms on cardinal directions.
The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) declared IT as a protected monument in 1955. Among the three most popular Buddhist stupas in the world, the first one was constructed in Adurru, the second in Ranchi and last one in Sarnath.
According to historical evidence the ASI found, the foundation stone for Adurru was laid by Sanghamithra, a Buddhist nun and daughter of King Ashoka, en route to Sri Lanka.
As this Buddhist centre is home to the remains of stupas, several upa-stupas, chaityas and viharas, this is considered as ‘Mahakshetram’ by Buddhist monks and followers even today. In 1953, the ASI conducted excavations that brought to light the remains of stupas, chaityas and viharas. The most beautiful and the most famous one is the mahastupa, built like a giant wheel with a platform with a diameter of 17 feet. Located around it are vedika (drum) and ayaka platforms that mark the cardinal directions. In 1955, the ASI declared this a protected monument.
The excavations also brought to light artefacts such as jars, troughs, dishes and bowls. On the front side, (on the east) are two upa-stupas with the same wheel-based structure.
There are also round and square structures on the west side of the main stupam — all systematically connected with each other from all the sides.
A non-government organisation called Buddha Vihar Trust, Adurru, formed by a group of retired employees, currently takes care of it.
“We have been running the trust and taking care of the monument for the last 30 years. ” said S.S.R. Bhupathi, member-secretary of the trust.
Annavaram Satya Narayana swamy temple,Annavaram
Annavaram is one of the most famous Holy Shrines in India and enjoying second place after Tirupati in Andhra Pradesh.
The temple is built in the Dravidian style. The glory and richness of Lord SATYADEVA was widely described in Revakhanda of Skandapuranam.
The presiding deity Lord Satyadeva with his consort Sri Anantha Lakshmi on one Side and with Lord Siva on the other side took his abode on Ratnagiri, which is named after Ratnakara, son of Meru the king of holy mountains. Like in all Divyakshetrams as surrounded and followed by holy rivers, Sri Satyanarayana Swamy at Annavaram is also followed by sacred Pampa River touching the feet of the hill.
Lord Satyadeva the god of truth is showering his eternal blessings on mankind in his beautiful manifested form of the DIVINE TRINITY namely Hari Hara Hiranya Garbha Thrimurtyatmaka. Hence this is the temple that is attracting the Pilgrims of both Vishanava and Saiva devotees and thousands of pilgrims from all over the Country are worshiping Lord Satyadeva every day forgetting all sectional differences.
It is believed that the place was known for constant food distribution (free feeding) by the benevolent people of the locality and that therefore the place was called by the name Annavaram(annam means food in Telugu). Another version is that because the presiding deity of the place blesses the devotees with anina varam (pronounced or wanted boon), the place is called Annavaram.
The temple of Sri Veera Venkata Satyanarayanaswamy is the main temple on the Ratnagiri hill. There are also a temple of Sri Rama and the shrines of Vana Durga and Kanaka Durga nearby. The temple of gramadevatha”Nerellamma” (village deity) is in the village at the foot of the hill.
“The main temple was constructed on the hill with the pleasing and distant view of Bay Of Bengal (11 miles) on one side and the row of Eastern Ghats on the other side the green fields alround the hills and the pampa River encircling Ratnagiri.The hillock itself is about 300 feet above the sea level.About 300 well – laid stone steps lead to the top of it.
“”The main temple is constructed in the form of a chariot with the four wheels at each of the four corners. In front of the main temple is the kalyana mantapa, constructed and decorated with modern pieces of architecture. As we go down the way,we come across Ramalaya and then the shrines of Vana Durga is held in great veneration and Devi is said to be seen even to this day in the nights, going about the holy precincts perpetually guarding the Lord’s premises.
The idol is about 13 feet high in a cylindrical form, the base being in the lower sanctum representing Lord Brahma and the top is in the upper sanctum representing Lord Vishnu. The middle portion represents Lord Siva. There are some temples representing the unity of Lords Hari and Hara in some places and this is the place where even Brahma who is generally denied temple worship, is clubbed with the other two, and the creator (Brahma), the protector (Vishnu) and destroyer (Siva) are worshipped simultaneously. The image of the lord forming a single idol representing the Trimurthis-Brahma, Vishnu and Siva is of unique attracti
Puruhutika Sakthi Peetamu, Pithapuram
Pithapuram is formerly called as Pithikapuram / Pushkara kshetram in Puranas and Tantras.
Sri Puruhutika Devi temple is located within the temple complex of Kukkuteswara Swamy, on the outskirts of the village Pithapuram in East Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh. Pithapuram is around 12 kms from Samalkota and 20 kms from Kakinada and 62 kms from Rajahmundry.
Kukkuteswara swamy temple is present in the outskirts of the Pithapuram village towards Kakinada.
It is a big temple. Just entering in to the temple we’ll see a pond which is called as Padagaya sarovaram (Pada Gaya Sarovar). Pilgrims will take holy bath in this pond. Main temple of Kukkuteswara swamy is present towards the right side of the pond.
Puruhutika devi temple is present in the North-East corner of the Kukkuteswara swamy temple. It is constructed facing South. Puruhutha temple is small but looks very nice with the carvings of Ashtadasa Shakti peethas on it’s walls.
Sri Puruhutika Devi temple is an important Ashta Dasha Shakthi Peetha. Devi Sati is worshipped as Puruhutika and Lord Shiva as Kukkuteswara Swamy. It is believed that the Seat of Sati devi had fallen here when Lord Vishnu cut her corpse with the Sudarshana Chakra.
. It is believed that the original statue of Devi is buried under the temple in the same place. This complex has a Sarovar after taking bath people offer prayers to their ancestors, as this temple complex is called Pada Gaya. It has Gayasura’s Padas (Feet) and Vishnu Padas (Feet). Gayasura’s body was cut in three portions and out of that Head has fallen at Siro Gaya (Called Gaya in Bihar) Below chest (Nabhi) portion has fallen in Nabhi Gaya (Jajpur in Orissa)and the Legs (Padas) have fallen here hence called Pada Gaya.
Once Indra had cheated Ahalya, wife of Gautama maharshi by disguising himself in the form of Gautama and was cursed by the Maharshi. Indra lost his testis and got the symbols of Yoni all over his body. He felt very sad and prąyed to Gautama a lot. Finally the Rishi accepted his prayers and told that the Yoni symbols will look like eyes, so that Indra will be called as Sahasraksha thereafter. But Indra lost his testis. He wanted to regain them. He left his kingdom, came to Piithika puri and did Tapasya, offering his prayers to Jaganmata. After a long time Jaganmata appeared before him and blessed him with wealth and testis. Indra was very happy and prąyed her as Puruhutika Devi (One who was worshiped by Indra).
After a very long time Jagadguru Sripada vallabha took birth in Pithapuram. He too worshiped Puruhutika Devi and realized his self. He is an incarnation of Lord Dattatreya.
Kumararama Bhimesavara Swami Temple ,samalkot
According to the temple history,during the Tarakasura vadha, the Shiva Linga which was in the throat of Tarakasura broke into five pieces and one of the pieces fell here. Therefore,this place is named as Kumararama. Lord Bhimeswara Swamy was installed by Kumara Swamy (son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati) and hence the temple is called KumaraRama. The architecture is based on the Dravidian style,constructed by the king Chalukya Bhima. Hence the name Bhimeswara.
Rajaraja Narendra is said to have laid the foundation of the new city called Rajamahendravaram (Rajahmundry) after his name. On the request of Rajaraja Narendra, his court poet Nanayya began to translate Sanskrit Mahabharata into Andhra Mahabharata, which stood as a land mark in the development of Telugu literature. This temple, known as Kumararama at Bhimavaram in Samalkot is one among the five important and popular ‘Pancharama’ temples of Andhra. The other four temples dedicated to Shiva are Amararama at Amaravati (Guntur), Daksharama at Daksharama ( East Godavari), Kshirarama at Palakollu and Somarama at Gunupudi – Bhimavaram (both in West Godavari).
The Linga is made up of a stone, 14 feet (4.3 m) high. The Kakatiya rulers (in 1340-1466CE) have added and restored the temple pillars with fine and sharp finishes. The work of Chalukyas and Kakatiya’s is incredibly distinguished, by the well-decorated and polished pillars within the temple to the rest of the temple, each looking new. The maintenance and development of this temple is so good that it is not modified a lot, through years, compared to the Draksharaam temple. Kala Bhairava is another importance in this temple. Shaasanas between 1147-1494 were scripted in the pillars of the temple. Recent excavations within the compound of the temple have yielded several idols dated back to 1000 years which are currently present inside the temple.
The temple has a mandapam that is supported by 100 pillars and is of great architectural importance. The temple has an Ekasila Nandi guarding the Shiva Linga at the entrance of the temple. The temple premises almost resembles the other Pancharama temple at Draksharama which is also called Bhimeswara Alayam. The temple is surrounded by two prakara walls built of dressed sand stones. The outer prakara wall is pierced by gopuram( entrance on all the four sides). The main entrance to the temple is called Surya Dwaram. There are carvings of Apsaras on pillars in the temple. A mandapam supported with one hundred pillars can be seen. The four towers have mandapas on either side. The inner enclosure wall is divided horizontally into two sections separated by a cornice. It has a two storeyed pillared mandapa running along the inner side. To the east side, there is a mantap called Koneti. Pushkarni (Koneru) lake can be seen here.
The construction of the temple was started in AD 892 and was completed during 922 AD. The Linga is made of limestone and appears white. From 1340-1466 AD. during Kakatiya dynasty, the temple was reconstructed. So one can see the sculpture design of both Turpu Chalukyas’ and Kakatiyas.
Kumararama Bheemeshwara Swamy Temple, Samalkot
Kumararama Bheemeshwara Swamy temple is a specimen architectural grandeur depicting the Dravidian style of architecture and is regarded as the main landmark of Samalkot.
The temple has a mandapam that is supported by 100 pillars and is of great architectural importance.
The temple has an Ekasila Nandi (A Bull carved out single stone) guarding the Shiva Lingam at the entrance of the temple. Goddess Bala Tripura Sundari (Incarnation of Goddess Parvathi consort of Lord Shiva) is enshrined at the ground floor of the temple.
The main entrance of the temple is also called as Surya Dwaram.
The main shrine is a free standing monument lying at the center of the inner enclosure.
The temple is a rectangular structure and has two stories. The lime stone Lingam, installed in the shrine, is 14 feet tall, so tall that it rises from the pedestal on the ground floor and enters the second floor by piercing the roof, where the Rudrabhaga is worshipped. Darshan of Shiva lingam is at the first floor. Steps are available at both the side.
The present Vimana of the main shrine has been renovated and is covered with thick plaster. It consists of flat pattas, row of geese kutas, salas, simhalalatas, lotuses and kalasa. It is a dvitala vimana of the dravida order with regional variations. To the East side, there is a mandapam called Koneti from where Pushkarni (Pushkarini) lake can be seen here.
Draksharamam is located at a distance of 28 Km from Kakinada,50 Km from Rajahmundry and 25 Km from Amalapuram. It is colloquially known as Draksharama carrying the implied meaning as “Draksharama” meaning the Abode of Daksha Prajapathi – the Father-in-law of Lord Siva and the beloved Father of ‘Sati’ the spiritual spouse of Lord Siva.
The historical aspect of the temple goes from the thirteenth century onwards.
This temple is one of the “Pancharamas”. This is an ancient and holy pagoda. This is one of the reputed piligrim centers in Andhra Pradesh.
This temple is a protected Monument. The Archaeological Department has to undertake the renovation works of this temple to create beauty and divine atmosphere. The wealth of inscriptions and epigraphical details that can be glanced from the inscriptions on the walls of this temple are a paradise for the epigraphist and the historian.
Draksharamam, is one of the most frequented pilgrim centre of South India. It is one of the Shiva Pancharamas and one of 18 Shakti Peethas. It is famous as both Shiva kshetra and Shakti kshetra. Lord Bheemeswara swamy and Manikyamba are main the deities here. This place is also called as Dakshina Kashi.
The temple is a 2 storied complex and looks like a fort. It has 2 Prakarams(paths). The outer Prakaram has 4 entrances in 4 different directions with beautifully carved Gopurams and each of the entrance is known in the form of 4 different forms of Goddesses i.e. Gogulamma, Nookambika, Moodhambike, Ghattambika
In this temple we can see Lord Bheemeswar Swamy, who is the main deity in the form of a tall Shiva Lingam. The Shiva Lingam is nearly 9 ft. A flight of steps leads one to the upper level of the Sanctum where one can see the upper part of Lord Bheemeswar Swamy. The speciality of this Shiva Lingam is that, the early morning tender Sun light falls on the Shiva Lingam.
The Shiva linga is of a crystal texture. There are black stripes on the upper part. These are said to be the markings of the tiger skin worn by Lord Shiva when He was in disguise of a Hunter when he fought with Arjuna.
Manikyamba Devi’s shrine is present in backside of the temple at the left corner. Goddess face is looking towards left, signifying her as Vamachara Devatha.
Lord Vishnu shrine is present at the entrance of main temple. He is the Kshetrapalaka of Draksharamam. Lord Vishnu is present here along with his consort, Lakshmi Devi.
There are other small shrines inside the main temple premises. To name a few, there is the, Praakara Bhairavudu, Viroopa, Natarajeshwar, Vaamana, Visheshwara, Dancing Ganapathi, Dundhi Ganapathi, Goddess Kanakadurga and Goddess Annapurna and Kashi Vishweshwara Swamy temple which faces south is on the right side of Bheemeshwara Swamy temple.
Uppada Silk Sarees
Uppada Jamdani Sari is a silk sari style woven in Uppada of East Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It was registered as one of the geographical indication from Andhra Pradesh by Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999. Uppada Jamdani saris are known for their light weight
The name Jamdani in the Uppada Jamdani Sari is a Persian terminology, in which Jam means flower and Dani means Vase
Jamdani style of weaving is originated in Bangladesh. In 18th Century, It was brought to south and in Uppada village of East Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh, India Jamdani style of weaving recreated with a local resonance. The Jamdani style weaving was as old as 300 years. In 1972, Uppada weavers were recognized by Govt. of India with President’s award.
Uppada Jamdani saree weaving takes nearly 10 – 60 days time for which at least 2-3 weavers has to spend 10 hours of their day. Weavers uses pure lace (silver zari often dipped in melted gold and also finest silk of Bengaluru area. Weaving of saree involves, laying out its design, interweaving silk threads, looming, etc., There are around 3000 looms producing Jamdani sarees in and around Uppada and kothapalli area.
Around forty percent of the local weavers are women. To make a sari, it takes a week to a fortnight which consists of cotton body with silk pallu and all completely handwoven. The weavers design in such a way that it can be folded and fits in a matchbox. Different designs include geometric, flowers, leaves, etc.
Speciality of Jamdani saree is that it gets design on both the sides and is much less weight than that of Kanchi and Dharmavaram brands.
Buddist Rock-Cut Caves and Stupas Site in Korukonda
“Pandavula metta in Korukonda metta at Kapavaram is a relics of Bouddha nilayams from where Buddhist monks propagated Buddhism here lays the glory of the place.
This Buddhist Rock – Cut Caves and Stupas Site is locally Called as Pandavula Metta or Pandavula Konda near Koru Konda a small historical village in East Godavari district of Andrapradesh and 25 kilometers from Rajamahendravaram City Corporation. Koru Konda is also a well known historical place and noted for a vaishanavite temple Sree Lakshmi Narasimha Swami temple exiting on a small hillock and it was built by the Reddy Kings of 14th CAD. The present Buddhist site is existing on a small granite formed as laterite stone hillock. This site was explored, excavated, conserved, pestored, preserved and declared as it’s protected Monument as the Ancient Historical and Archaeological Monuments and Sites Remains Act -1960 and is being maintained by the Department of Archaeology and Museums Government of Andrapradesh. A flight of steps carved in those days lead to the a series of Rock -Cut Caves consists of Five Rock – Cut Caves in a row mislead by the local people as these Caves are supposed to be built by the Pandavas and named as Pandava Metta. These Rock – Cut Caves are seems to be an attempt as the Buddhist Monks as their a bode with entrances wide open. However these Rock – Cut Caves are provided some of the Caves walls are decorated with small KUDU (Horse shape symbol) an auspicious design is engraved. A provision as post – holes at the entrance on either sides provides the curtain system for the Monks peaceful privacy. The caves are facing to the Southern direction and to the corner of the caves a huge Rock – Cute water cistern provides the needs of the Monks.A gain the continuation of flight of steps leads to the Mahastupas, Votive Stupas, Congregation Hall with system all built by the well burnt bricks, Apsedal Stupa Chaithyas etc, reveals the every visitor the past glory as Buddhism in this area. the Buddhist Rock -Cut Caves system is prevailed in entire coastal belt of Andrapradesh .Generally the Mahastupas are meant for general worship of the Monks and wherever Apsedal Stupa Chaithyas are ment for worship of Nobel personalities and the Votive Stupas are offerings.
The archaeological department confirmed that the construction is of 2 A.D.
Buddhist stupas traditionally had an umbrella-like structure on the top, called ‘Chatra’; correspondingly, the authorities found two broken pieces of a Chatra.
The authorities said that Buddhist stupas were being found at several places, including Adurru, Kapavaram in East Godavari and Kodavalur in West Godavari and also at Bojjanakonda, Thotlakonda and Bavikonda in Visakhapatnam.
With regard to Buddhism, Adurru, Kodavali and Kapavaram are the three cites where excavations are completed and the reminiscences are unearthed by the two departments. In the recent past, the State Archaeology department has spotted eight more Buddhist spots at Rampa Errampalem, Erravaram, Kummari Lova, Marlapadu, A. Kothapalli, A.P. Mallavaram, A. Mallavaram, Lampaka Lova, Onti Mamidi and Pandavula Metta – all are in the vicinity of East Godavari and Visakhapatnam border and close to Tuni town. The department is able to take Rampa Errampalem and Erravaram sites into its fold and commenced excavations at Erravaram.
Gollala Mamidada– The Gopurala Mamidada
G. Mamidada (Gollala Mamidada) which is also called as Gopurala Mamidada, famous for Sri Suryanarayana Swamy Temple. It is located at a distance of 20 Km from Kakinada, 58 Km from Rajahmundry and 65 Km from Amalapuram (Via Kotipalli), in the midst of coconut gardens, the green fields and natural surroundings, and on the banks of river “Thulya Bhaga” (Antharvahini) is a well known pilgrim centre known as It is the second famous temple after Arasavilli(in Srikakulam).
Archanas are performed daily in accordance with Saivagama( holy scriptures). Abhishekams are done regularly according to Shastras. The rituals are performed in accordance with Sri Vyshanava Sampradaya. This temple has gained much importance in Andhra Pradesh as the tenets are of Vyshanava Sampradaya. It has been attracting a good number of pilgrims on all days and especially on Sundays to pray to Lord Sri Suryanarayana Swamy.
Apart from this temple, there are many other temples like Venkateswara Temple, Sainatha Temple and also the ancient and the famous Bheemeswara Temple and Sri Radha Sapthami on Maga Sudda Sapthami (February Month), and Bhishma Ekadasi in the month of February every year are the festivals celebrated every year in this temple.
Famous for its mango plantations, Gollala Mamidada is known as Mamidi Vatika (in Telugu Mamidi – Mango, Vatika – Garden). The small village is home to what is famously touted as Konaseema Ayodhya – Sri Kodandarama Swamy Temple- which has gained much importance in the last hundred years as the tenets are of Vyshanava Sampradaya.
Archanas are performed everyday in accordance with Saivagama (Holy Scriptures). Abhishekams are done regularly according to the Shastras. The rituals are performed in accordance with Sri Vyshanava Sampradaya, and the temple has gained much importance as the tenets are of Vyshanava Sampradaya.
- The temple architecture showcases the skill of Vishwakarma Sthapathis.
- The premise houses a temple of Sri Suryanarayana Swamy, which attracts devotees on Sundays when special prayers are performed for the deity. This is also the only Suryadev Temple in East Godavari district.
- Other shrines in the temple are that of Sri Bala Gajanana temple and Sri Dasanjaneya Swamy.
The temple has two powerful gopurams:
- The West gopuram is 210 feet height with 11 stories and 5 kalasams.
- The East Gopuram is 160 feet height with 9 stories and 5 kalsams.
- On these gopurams, the main stages of the Ramayana, the Mahabharatham and the Bhagavatham are beautifully carved. The unique feature of the temple is one can reach the last storey of the gopuram and can view the scenic beauty of the country side through the steps.